Linux Commands Examples

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network

netcat : NC(1) BSD General Commands Manual NC(1) nc — arbitrary TCP and UDP connections and listens
ping : 6 send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST to network hosts
nmcli : – commandline tool for controlling NetworkManager
telnet : user interface to the TELNET protocol
sftp : secure file transfer program
openssl : OpenSSL command line tool
...

shell

busybox : The Swiss Army Knife of Embedded Linux
gnome-terminal : is a terminal emulation application.
usermod : modify a user account
which : locate a command
watch : execute a program periodically, showing output fullscreen
locale : specific information.
...

filesystem

resize2fs : ext2/ext3/ext4 file system resizer
chown : change file owner and group
mkfs : build a Linux filesystem
passwd : change user password
rename : renames multiple files
fsck : check and repair a Linux filesystem
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programming

strace : trace system calls and signals
MAKEDEV : create devices
busybox : The Swiss Army Knife of Embedded Linux
startpar : start runlevel scripts in parallel
arch : print machine hardware name (same as uname -m)
stdbuf : Run COMMAND, with modified buffering operations for its standard streams.
...

file

egrep : , fgrep, rgrep print lines matching a pattern
hexdump : , hd ASCII, decimal, hexadecimal, octal dump
su : change user ID or become superuser
mkfs.ext2 : create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
chfn : change real user name and information
qtchooser : a wrapper used to select between Qt development binary versions
...

graphic manipulation

gimp : an image manipulation and paint program.
start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
software-center-gtk3 :
identify.im6 : describes the format and characteristics of one or more image files.
animate : animates an image or image sequence on any X server.
tiff2rgba : convert a TIFF image to RGBA color space
...

database

mysqlimport : a data import program
mysqld_safe : MySQL server startup script
iconv : Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
setkeycodes : load kernel scancode-to-keycode mapping table entries
find : search for files in a directory hierarchy
mysql_zap : kill processes that match a pattern
...

X

xfreerdp : FreeRDP X11 client
gnome-terminal : is a terminal emulation application.
sha1sum : compute and check SHA1 message digest
uxterm : X terminal emulator for Unicode (UTF-8) environments
gksudo : GTK+ frontend for su and sudo
xload : system load average display for X
...

printer

ghostscript : Ghostscript (PostScript and PDF language interpreter and previewer)
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
sldtoppm : convert an AutoCAD slide file into a portable pixmap
lprm : cancel print jobs
cweave : translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
...

package management

sha1sum : compute and check SHA1 message digest
make : GNU make utility to maintain groups of programs
dpkg-reconfigure : reconfigure an already installed package
apt-config : APT Configuration Query program
cweave : translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
python2.7 : an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming language
...

text manipulation

update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
dvipdf : Convert TeX DVI file to PDF using ghostscript and dvips
tac : concatenate and print files in reverse
iconv : Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
bluez-simple-service :
unwrapdiff : demangle word-wrapped patches
...

privacy

sha1sum : compute and check SHA1 message digest
nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
tor-resolve : resolve a hostname to an IP address via tor
cweave : translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
ssh-add : adds private key identities to the authentication agent
iptables-apply : a safer way to update iptables remotely
...

sound manipulation

gst-launch-1.0 : build and run a GStreamer pipeline
audacity : Graphical cross-platform audio editor
start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
ogmsplit : Split OGG/OGM files into several smaller OGG/OGM files
spd-conf : A simple tool for basic configuration of Speech Dispatcher and problem diagnostics
nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
...

file compression

update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
7zr : A file archiver with highest compression ratio
iconv : Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
ogmdemux : Extract streams from OGG/OGM files into separate files
znew : recompress .Z files to .gz files
loadunimap : load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
...

Access Control List

su : change user ID or become superuser
MAKEDEV : create devices
update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
uic :
start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
...

text editor

start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
parted : GNU Parted - a partition manipulation program
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
2to3-3.2 : Python2 to Python3 converter
fmtutil-sys : utility for maintaining TeX format files system-wide
cweave : translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
...

font

iconv : Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
python2.7 : an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming language
kerneloops : program to collect and submit kernel oopses to kerneloops.org
loadunimap : load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
afm2tfm : convert Adobe font metrics to TeX font metrics
sha1sum : compute and check SHA1 message digest
...

boot settings

airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
loadunimap : load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
sha1sum : compute and check SHA1 message digest
gst-launch-1.0 : build and run a GStreamer pipeline
erb1.8 : an embedded Ruby language interpreter
start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
...

Media Player

spd-conf : A simple tool for basic configuration of Speech Dispatcher and problem diagnostics
update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
cweave : translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
avifix : fix header of AVI-file
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
loadunimap : load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
...

mail

airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
gst-launch-1.0 : build and run a GStreamer pipeline
cweave : translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
find : search for files in a directory hierarchy
update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
sha1sum : compute and check SHA1 message digest
...

virtualization

airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
iconv : Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
busybox : The Swiss Army Knife of Embedded Linux
loadunimap : load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
sha1sum : compute and check SHA1 message digest
...

webserver

a2ensite : enable or disable an apache2 site / virtual host
start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
spd-conf : A simple tool for basic configuration of Speech Dispatcher and problem diagnostics
gst-launch-1.0 : build and run a GStreamer pipeline
cweave : translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
...

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