Linux Commands Examples

A great documentation place for Linux commands


enter a system sleep state until specified wakeup time

see also : hwclock - date


rtcwake [-hvVluan] [-d device] [-m standby_mode] {-t time_t|-s seconds}

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This program is used to enter a system sleep state until specified wakeup time.

This uses cross-platform Linux interfaces to enter a system sleep state, and leave it no later than a specified time. It uses any RTC framework driver that supports standard driver model wakeup flags.

This is normally used like the old apmsleep utility, to wake from a suspend state like ACPI S1 (standby) or S3 (suspend-to-RAM). Most platforms can implement those without analogues of BIOS, APM, or ACPI.

On some systems, this can also be used like nvram-wakeup, waking from states like ACPI S4 (suspend to disk). Not all systems have persistent media that are appropriate for such suspend modes.

| --verbose

Be verbose.

-h | --help

Display a short help message that shows how to use the program.

-V | --version

Displays version information and exists.

-n | --dry-run

This option does everything but actually setup alarm, suspend system or wait for the alarm.

-a | --auto

Reads the clock mode (whether the hardware clock is set to UTC or local time) from /etc/adjtime. That’s the location where the hwclock(8) stores that information. This is the default.

-l | --local

Assumes that the hardware clock is set to local time, regardless of the contents of /etc/adjtime.

-u | --utc

Assumes that the hardware clock is set to UTC (Universal Time Coordinated), regardless of the contents of /etc/adjtime.

-d device | --device device

Uses device instead of rtc0 as realtime clock. This option is only relevant if your system has more than one RTC. You may specify rtc1, rtc2, ... here.

-s seconds | --seconds seconds

Sets the wakeup time to seconds in future from now.

-t time_t | --time time_t

Sets the wakeup time to the absolute time time_t. time_t is the time in seconds since 1970-01-01, 00:00 UTC. Use the date(1) tool to convert between human-readable time and time_t.

-m mode | --mode mode

Use standby state mode. Valid values are:

ACPI state S1. This state offers minimal, though real, power savings, while providing a very low-latency transition back to a working system. This is the default mode.


ACPI state S3 (Suspend-to-RAM). This state offers significant power savings as everything in the system is put into a low-power state, except for memory, which is placed in self-refresh mode to retain its contents.


ACPI state S4 (Suspend-to-disk). This state offers the greatest power savings, and can be used even in the absence of low-level platform support for power management. This state operates similarly to Suspend-to-RAM, but includes a final step of writing memory contents to disk.


ACPI state S5 (Poweroff). This is done by calling ’/sbin/shutdown’. Not officially supported by ACPI, but usually working.


Don’t suspend. The rtcwake command sets RTC wakeup time only.


Don’t suspend, but read RTC device until alarm time appears. This mode is useful for debugging.


Disable previously set alarm.


Print alarm information in format: "alarm: off|on <time>". The time is in ctime() output format, e.g. "alarm: on Tue Nov 16 04:48:45 2010".


The rtcwake command is part of the util-linux package and is available from


This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License <>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


Some PC systems can’t currently exit sleep states such as mem using only the kernel code accessed by this driver. They need help from userspace code to make the framebuffer work again.


The program was posted several times on LKML and other lists before appearing in kernel commit message for Linux 2.6 in the GIT commit 87ac84f42a7a580d0dd72ae31d6a5eb4bfe04c6d.

see also

hwclock , date


The program was written by David Brownell <dbrownell[:at:]users.sourceforge[:dot:]net> and improved by Bernhard Walle <bwalle[:at:]suse[:dot:]de>.

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