Linux Commands Examples

A great documentation place for Linux commands


print name of current/working directory


pwd [OPTION]...

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Formatting pwd/ls for use with scp

A quick snippet to print such output for pasting:

while [ $# -ne 0 ]; do
    printf '%s@%s:%s\n' "${SCPUSER}" "${SERVER}" "$(readlink -f "${1}")"

The while; shift construction enables you to give multiple arguments which will be printed, separated by newlines.

This is straightforward; the "trick" above that you are probably looking for is probably just readlink.

You could also e.g. set up either ssh-agent or passwordless login via keys (if it is a local server and security is not too strict for this) to wrap scp server side to avoid the pasting step and directly scp files from the server.


Print the full filename of the current working directory.
, --logical

use PWD from environment, even if it contains symlinks

-P, --physical

avoid all symlinks


display this help and exit


output version information and exit

NOTE: your shell may have its own version of pwd, which usually supersedes the version described here. Please refer to your shell’s documentation for details about the options it supports.


Copyright © 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

reporting bugs

Report pwd bugs to bug-coreutils[:at:]gnu[:dot:]org
GNU coreutils home page: <>
General help using GNU software: <>
Report pwd translation bugs to <>

see also


The full documentation for pwd is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and pwd programs are properly installed at your site, the command

info coreutils 'pwd invocation'

should give you access to the complete manual.


Written by Jim Meyering.

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