format and print data
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ARGUMENT(s) according to FORMAT, or execute according to
display this help and exit
output version information and
the output as in C printf. Interpreted sequences are:
produce no further output
byte with octal value NNN (1 to 3 digits)
byte with hexadecimal value HH (1 to 2 digits)
Unicode (ISO/IEC 10646) character with hex value HHHH (4
Unicode character with hex
value HHHHHHHH (8 digits)
a single %
ARGUMENT as a string with ’\’ escapes
interpreted, except that octal escapes are of the form \0 or
and all C
format specifications ending with one of diouxXfeEgGcs, with
ARGUMENTs converted to proper type first. Variable widths
shell may have its own version of printf, which usually
supersedes the version described here. Please refer to your
shell’s documentation for details about the options it
Copyright © 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License
GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute
it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
Report printf bugs to bug-coreutils[:at:]gnu[:dot:]org
GNU coreutils home page:
General help using GNU software:
Report printf translation bugs to
documentation for printf is maintained as a Texinfo
manual. If the info and printf programs are
properly installed at your site, the command
coreutils 'printf invocation'
should give you
access to the complete manual.