Linux Commands Examples

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pngtopnm

convert a Portable Network Graphics file into portable anymap


see also : pnmtopng - pnmgamma

Synopsis

pngtopnm [-verbose] [-alpha | -mix] [-background color]
[-gamma value] [-text file] [-time] [pngfile]


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examples

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name=`echo $file | sed 's/\.png$//'`
pngtopnm $file >$name.pnm && pnmtops -nocenter -nosetpage $name.pnm >$name.eps && rm $name.pnm
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t=/tmp/png2winicon.$$
pngtopnm "$1" > $t.pnm
#pngtopnm -alpha "$1" | pgmtopbm -threshold | convert -negate pbm:- pbm:$t.pbm
#pngtopnm -alpha "$1" | pgmtopbm -threshold | convert -negate pbm:- pbm:$t.pbm
pngtopnm -alpha "$1" | pgmtopbm -threshold > $t.pbm
pnmcomp -alpha=$t.pbm $t.pnm $t.pbm $t.2.pnm
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t=/tmp/png2winicon.$$
pngtopnm "$1" > $t.pnm
#pngtopnm -alpha "$1" | pgmtopbm -threshold | convert -negate pbm:- pbm:$t.pbm
#pngtopnm -alpha "$1" | pgmtopbm -threshold | convert -negate pbm:- pbm:$t.pbm
pngtopnm -alpha "$1" | pgmtopbm -threshold > $t.pbm
ppmtowinicon -andppms $t.pnm $t.pbm > "$2"
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exit 1
fi
pngtopnm img/"$1" | pnmtoplainpnm > "$1".txt
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INPUT_FILE=$1;
pngtopnm "$INPUT_FILE" | cpaldjvu - "$INPUT_FILE".djvu
ls -l "$INPUT_FILE" "$INPUT_FILE".djvu
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usage
fi
pngtopnm $1 | ppmtolss16 \#cdcfd5=7 \#ffffff=1 \#000000=0 \#c90000=15 > $2

description

Reads a Portable Network Graphics as input. Produces a portable anymap as output. The type of the output file depends on the input file - if it’s black & white, a pbm file is written, else if it’s grayscale a pgm file, else a ppm file.

options

-verbose

Display the format of the input file and the type of the output file. If the chunks are part of the png-file, the alpha, transparency and gamma-values will be indicated.

-alpha

Output the alpha channel or transparency mask of the image. The result is either a pbm file or pgm file, depending on whether different levels of transparency appear.

-mix

Compose the image with the transparency or alpha mask against a the background. When a background chunk is available that color is taken, else black will do.

-background color

If no background color chunck is present in the png-file, or when another color is required this parameter can be used to set the background color of images. This is especially useful for alpha-channel images or those with transparency chunks. The format, to specify the color in, is either (in the case of orange) "1.0,0.5,0.0", where the values are floats between zero and one, or with the syntax "#RGB", "#RRGGBB" or "#RRRRGGGGBBBB" where R, G and B are hexa-decimal numbers.

-gamma value

Converts the image to a new display-gamma value. When a gAMA chunk is present in the png-file, the image-gamma value will be used. When not, the image-gamma is considered to be 1.0. Based on the image-gamma and the display-gamma given with this option the colors written to the pnm-file will be adjusted.
Because the gamma’s of uncompensated monitors are around 2.6, which results in an image-gamma of 0.45, some typical situations are: when the image-gamma is 0.45 (use -verbose to check) and the picture is too light, your system is gamma-corrected, so convert with "-gamma 1.0". When no gAMA chunk is present or the image-gamma is 1.0, use 2.2 to make the picture lighter and 0.45 to make the picture darker.

-text file

Writes the tEXt and zTXt chunks to a file, in a format as described in the pnmtopng man-page. These chunks contain text comments or annotations.

-time

Prints the tIME chunk to stderr.

All flags can be abbreviated to their shortest unique prefix.

note

Instead of pngtopnm|pnmtoxxx, a specific converter should be used, if available. E.g. ptot (PNG to TIFF conversion), etc.


bugs

There could be an option to read the comment text from pnm comments instead of a separate file.

The program could be much faster, with a bit of code optimizing.


see also

pnmtopng , ptot, pnmgamma , pnm


authors

Copyright (C) 1995-1997 by Alexander Lehmann
and Willem van Schaik.

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