Linux Commands Examples

A great documentation place for Linux commands


Java Heap Analysis Tool


jhat [ options ] <heap-dump-file>

add an example, a script, a trick and tips

: email address (won't be displayed)
: name

Step 2

Thanks for this example ! - It will be moderated and published shortly.

Feel free to post other examples
Oops ! There is a tiny cockup. A damn 404 cockup. Please contact the loosy team who maintains and develops this wonderful site by clicking in the mighty feedback button on the side of the page. Say what happened. Thanks!


jhat $1


The jhat command parses a java heap dump file and launches a webserver. jhat enables you to browse heap dumps using your favorite webbrowser. jhat supports pre-designed queries (such as ’show all instances of a known class "Foo"’) as well as OQL (Object Query Language) - a SQL-like query language to query heap dumps. Help on OQL is available from the OQL help page shown by jhat. With the default port, OQL help is available at http://localhost:7000/oqlhelp/

There are several ways to generate a java heap dump:


Use jmap -dump option to obtain a heap dump at runtime;


Use jconsole option to obtain a heap dump via HotSpotDiagnosticMXBean @ at runtime;


Heap dump will be generated when OutOfMemoryError is thrown by specifying -XX:+HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError VM option;


Use hprof @

NOTE: This tool is experimental and may not be available in future versions of the JDK.


-stack false/true

Turn off tracking object allocation call stack. Note that if allocation site information is not available in the heap dump, you have to set this flag to false. Default is true.

-refs false/true

Turn off tracking of references to objects. Default is true. By default, back pointers (objects pointing to a given object a.k.a referrers or in-coming references) are calculated for all objects in the heap.

-port port-number

Set the port for the jhat’s HTTP server. Default is 7000.

-exclude exclude-file

Specify a file that lists data members that should be excluded from the "reachable objects" query. For example, if the file lists java.lang.String.value, then, whenever list of objects reachable from a specific object "o" are calculated, reference paths involving java.lang.String.value field will not considered.

-baseline baseline-dump-file

Specify a baseline heap dump. Objects in both heap dumps with the same object ID will be marked as not being "new". Other objects will be marked as "new". This is useful while comparing two different heap dumps.

-debug int

Set debug level for this tool. 0 means no debug output. Set higher values for more verbose modes.


Report version number and exit.


Output help message and exit.


Output help message and exit.


Pass <flag> to the Java virtual machine on which jhat is run. For example, -J-Xmx512m to use a maximum heap size of 512MB.



Options, if used, should follow immediately after the command name.


Java binary heap dump file to be browsed. For a dump file that contains multiple heap dumps, you may specify which dump in the file by appending "#<number> to the file name, i.e. "foo.hprof#3".

see also


jmap - Java Memory Map


jconsole - Java Monitoring and Management Console


hprof - Heap and CPU profiling tool @

How can this site be more helpful to YOU ?

give  feedback