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freshclam

update virus databases


see also : clamscan

Synopsis

freshclam [options]


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examples

0

(0) Download database to default directory:

freshclam

(1) Download database to current directory:

freshclam --datadir=.

(2) Run as a daemon and check 2 times per day for new database:

freshclam -d -c 2


description

freshclam is a virus database update tool for ClamAV.

options

Freshclam reads its configuration from freshclam.conf. The settings can be overwritten with command line options.
-h, --help

Output help information and exit.

-V, --version

Print version number and exit.

-v, --verbose

Be verbose. This option causes freshclam to print much additional information.

--quiet

Be quiet - output only error messages.

--no-warnings

Don’t print and log warnings.

-v, --debug

Enable debug messages from LibClamAV.

--stdout

Write all messages to stdout.

-l FILE, --log=FILE

Write download report to FILE.

--datadir=DIRECTORY

Install new database in DIRECTORY. The directory must be writable for the ’’ user or unprivileged user running freshclam.

-u USER, --user USER

Run as USER. By default (when started by root) freshclam drops privileges and operates as the ’’ user.

-d, --daemon

Run in a daemon mode. This option requires --checks. -p FILE, --pid=FILE Write daemon’s pid to FILE.

--no-dns

This option forces old non-DNS verification method (without a TTL delay).

-c #n, --checks=#n

Check #n times per day for a new database. #n must be between 1 and 50.

--daemon-notify=/path/to/clamd.conf

Notify the daemon about the new database. By default it reads a hardcoded config file but you can use a different one. Both local and TCP sockets are supported.

-a IP, --local-address=IP

Use (local) IP for HTTP downloads. Useful for multi-homed systems. If binding fails for whatever reason, a warning is issued and freshclam behaves like without this flag.

--on-error-execute=COMMAND

Execute COMMAND if error occurred. Remember, that virus database freshness is the most important thing in anti-virus system. With this option freshclam can alert you (eg. send SMS) when something is going wrong.

--on-update-execute=COMMAND

Execute COMMAND after successful update.

--on-outdated-execute=COMMAND

Execute COMMAND when freshclam reports outdated version. In the command string %v will be replaced by the new version number.

--list-mirrors

Print mirror details from mirrors.dat (cache file for the mirror manager).

--submit-stats[=/path/to/clamd.conf]

Upload detection statistics to the ClamAV Project (see freshclam.conf(5):SubmitDetectionStats for more details). No database update will be performed. This option only works in the interactive mode.

credits

Please check the full documentation for credits.

files

/etc/clamav/freshclam.conf

return codes

Some return codes of freshclam can be overwritten with a built-in command EXIT_n which can be passed to --on-*-execute, eg. --on-update-execute=EXIT_1 will force freshclam to always return 1 after successful database update.
0 : Database is up-to-date or successfully updated.
40: Unknown option passed.
50: Can’t change directory.
51: Can’t check MD5 sum.
52: Connection (network) problem.
53: Can’t unlink file.
54: MD5 or digital signature verification error.
55: Error reading file.
56: Config file error.
57: Can’t create new file.
58: Can’t read database from remote server.
59: Mirrors are not fully synchronized (try again later).
60: Can’t get information about ’’ user from /etc/passwd.
61: Can’t drop privileges.
62: Can’t initialize logger.


see also

freshclam.conf, clamd, clamd.conf, clamscan


author

Tomasz Kojm <tkojm[:at:]clamav[:dot:]net>

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