produce PDF files directly from DVI files
see also :
dvipdft - tex - dvips - groff - grodvi - pic - extractbb
add an example, a script, a trick and tips
In TeX Live,
dvipdfm is another incarnation of dvipdfmx
rather than a separate program. Compatibility is attempted
as best as possible. (The change was made due to duplicated
security and configuration issues arising repeatedly.)
Please report problems with this dvipdfm to the
dvipdfmx maintainers at dvipdfmx (at) ktug.or.kr.
dvipdfm generates a PDF file from a
DVI file. DVI files are the
output format produced by TeX. Output from groff can
be converted to DVI format using
dvipdfm recognizes several commonly used
\special commands, which are extensions to the
DVI format. Specifically, it understands
color specials, papersize specials, tpic specials (which
allow it to be used with pic), hypertex specials, and
some PostScript specials. These extensions allow documents
to contain color, figures, and hyperlinks. The program tries
to mimic the behavior of dvips so that many macro
packages produced for use with dvips will work with
dvipdfm. Dvipdfm understands its own specific
\special commands to allow access to PDF features
such as annotations and bookmarks.
related to bounding boxes (and hence image sizes), please
Ignore color \specials.
The -c toggles a flag that disables color
\special processing. Unless changed in the
configuration file, that flag is off, and color
\specials are interpreted normally. The
-c option may be used to produce a black and
white document from a document containing color TeX
Remove thumbnail images after including them. (See the
-t option for more information.)
Toggle partial font embedding flag. If partial font
embedding is off, embedded fonts are fully embedded.
The default, if not changed in the configuration file, is to
embed only those glyphs actually used in the document.
Set the name of the font map
file to map_file. The format of the font map file is
documented in the Dvipdfm User’s Manual.
Select landscape mode. In other words, exchange the
x and y dimensions of the paper.
Magnify the input document by
Generate PDF output file having
the name name. By default, the name of the output
file is file.pdf.
Select the papersize by name
(e.g., letter, legal, ledger,
tabloid, a3, a4, or a5 )
Set resolution of bitmapped
fonts to size dots per inch. Bitmapped fonts are
generated by the Kpathsea library, which uses Metafont.
Bitmapped fonts are included as type 3 fonts in the PDF
Select the pages of the
DVI file to be converted. The
page_specifications consists of a comma separated
list of page_ranges:
first_page is implied to be the first page of the
DVI file. An empty last_page is
treated as the last page of the DVI file.
includes pages 1, 3, and 5;
includes two copies of all
pages in the DVI file; and
includes the first ten pages of
the DVI file.
Search for thumbnail images of each page in the
directory named by the TMPDIR environment variable.
The thumbnail images must be named in a specific format.
They must have the same base name as the DVI
file and they must have the page number as the extension to
the file name. Dvipdfm does not generate the thumbnails
itself, but it is distributed with a wrapper program named
dvipdft that does so.
Increase verbosity. Results of the -v
option are cumulative (e.g., -vv ) increases
the verbosity by two increments.
Set the left margin to
x_offset. The default left margin is 1.0in.
The dimension may be specified in any units understood by
TeX (e.g., bpt, pt, in, cm )
Set the top margin to
y_offset. The default top margin is 1.0in. The
dimension may be specified in any units understood by TeX
(e.g., bpt, pt, in, cm )
Set the compression level to
compression_level. Compressions levels range from 0
(no compression) to 9 (maximum compression) and correspond
to the values understood by zlib.
Dvipdfm uses the kpathsea library for locating the
files that it opens. Hence, the environment variables documented
in the Kpathsea library documentation influence
Dvipdfm also reads the following environment variables:
The directory to search for thumbnail images of each page.
The precise location of the following files is determined by the
Kpathsea library configuration. The location may be
determined by using kpsewhich, e.g.,
kpsewhich -progname=dvipdfm -format=’other text
The default font map file (this name may be changed in the config
TeX font metrics
TeX virtual font files
PostScript Type 1 font files
The Kpathsea library configuration file. The location of this
file may be found by typing
image bounding boxes
When including images with dvipdfm, their bounding boxes
should be generated by running ebb, or extractbb -m. The
result will be in an .bb file.
When including images with dvipdfmx, their bounding boxes
should be generated by running extractbb. The result will
be in an .xbb file; the xbb information is the same as for
the PDF format.
tex , dvips , groff ,
grodvi , pic , extractbb , and
the Kpathsea library info documentation.
Mark A. Wicks.
But for the version in TeX Live, all bugs and other reports
should go to the dvipdfmx maintainers at dvipdfmx