Linux Commands Examples

A great documentation place for Linux commands

dir

list directory contents

Synopsis

dir [OPTION]... [FILE]...


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examples

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dir ..
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dir -al
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How can I create several folders?

You are looking for the -p argument:

-p, --parents 
no error if existing, make parent directories as needed

so the command you need is:

$ mkdir /home/user/TEST1/TEST2/TEST3/ -p

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NAS Drive Not Correctly Reporting Files, Directories from a DOS/Command prompt in WIN7

Windows 7 is not able to access ext3 drives without 3rd party software installed, so if the drive uses ext3, how are you able to access the drive via the GUI? More than likely the NAS drive is not formatted as ext3.

How are you using dir to access the NAS? What command are you using? Have you mapped the drive to a drive letter first (via the Windows Explorer / Tools menu / Map Network Drive option)?

description

List information about the FILEs (the current directory by default). Sort entries alphabetically if none of -cftuvSUX nor --sort is specified.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
-a
, --all

do not ignore entries starting with .

-A, --almost-all

do not list implied . and ..

--author

with -l, print the author of each file

-b, --escape

print C-style escapes for nongraphic characters

--block-size=SIZE

scale sizes by SIZE before printing them. E.g., ’--block-size=M’ prints sizes in units of 1,048,576 bytes. See SIZE format below.

-B, --ignore-backups

do not list implied entries ending with ~

-c

with -lt: sort by, and show, ctime (time of last modification of file status information) with -l: show ctime and sort by name otherwise: sort by ctime, newest first

-C

list entries by columns

--color[=WHEN]

colorize the output. WHEN defaults to ’always’ or can be ’never’ or ’auto’. More info below

-d, --directory

list directory entries instead of contents, and do not dereference symbolic links

-D, --dired

generate output designed for Emacs’ dired mode

-f

do not sort, enable -aU, disable -ls --color

-F, --classify

append indicator (one of */=>@|) to entries

--file-type

likewise, except do not append ’*’

--format=WORD

across -x, commas -m, horizontal -x, long -l, single-column -1, verbose -l, vertical -C

--full-time

like -l --time-style=full-iso

-g

like -l, but do not list owner

--group-directories-first

group directories before files.

augment with a --sort option, but any use of --sort=none (-U) disables grouping

-G, --no-group

in a long listing, don’t print group names

-h, --human-readable

with -l, print sizes in human readable format (e.g., 1K 234M 2G)

--si

likewise, but use powers of 1000 not 1024

-H, --dereference-command-line

follow symbolic links listed on the command line

--dereference-command-line-symlink-to-dir

follow each command line symbolic link that points to a directory

--hide=PATTERN

do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN (overridden by -a or -A)

--indicator-style=WORD

append indicator with style WORD to entry names: none (default), slash (-p), file-type (--file-type), classify (-F)

-i, --inode

print the index number of each file

-I, --ignore=PATTERN

do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN

-k, --kibibytes

use 1024-byte blocks

-l

use a long listing format

-L, --dereference

when showing file information for a symbolic link, show information for the file the link references rather than for the link itself

-m

fill width with a comma separated list of entries

-n, --numeric-uid-gid

like -l, but list numeric user and group IDs

-N, --literal

print raw entry names (don’t treat e.g. control characters specially)

-o

like -l, but do not list group information

-p, --indicator-style=slash

append / indicator to directories

-q, --hide-control-chars

print ? instead of non graphic characters

--show-control-chars

show non graphic characters as-is (default unless program is ’ls’ and output is a terminal)

-Q, --quote-name

enclose entry names in double quotes

--quoting-style=WORD

use quoting style WORD for entry names: literal, locale, shell, shell-always, c, escape

-r, --reverse

reverse order while sorting

-R, --recursive

list subdirectories recursively

-s, --size

print the allocated size of each file, in blocks

-S

sort by file size

--sort=WORD

sort by WORD instead of name: none -U, extension -X, size -S, time -t, version -v

--time=WORD

with -l, show time as WORD instead of modification time: atime -u, access -u, use -u, ctime -c, or status -c; use specified time as sort key if --sort=time

--time-style=STYLE

with -l, show times using style STYLE: full-iso, long-iso, iso, locale, +FORMAT. FORMAT is interpreted like ’date’; if FORMAT is FORMAT1<newline>FORMAT2, FORMAT1 applies to non-recent files and FORMAT2 to recent files; if STYLE is prefixed with ’posix-’, STYLE takes effect only outside the POSIX locale

-t

sort by modification time, newest first

-T, --tabsize=COLS

assume tab stops at each COLS instead of 8

-u

with -lt: sort by, and show, access time with -l: show access time and sort by name otherwise: sort by access time

-U

do not sort; list entries in directory order

-v

natural sort of (version) numbers within text

-w, --width=COLS

assume screen width instead of current value

-x

list entries by lines instead of by columns

-X

sort alphabetically by entry extension

-Z, --context

print any SELinux security context of each file

-1

list one file per line

--help

display this help and exit

--version

output version information and exit

SIZE is an integer and optional unit (example: 10M is 10*1024*1024). Units are K, M, G, T, P, E, Z, Y (powers of 1024) or KB, MB, ... (powers of 1000).

Using color to distinguish file types is disabled both by default and with --color=never. With --color=auto, ls emits color codes only when standard output is connected to a terminal. The LS_COLORS environment variable can change the settings. Use the dircolors command to set it.

Exit status:

0

if OK,

1

if minor problems (e.g., cannot access subdirectory),

2

if serious trouble (e.g., cannot access command-line argument).

copyright

Copyright © 2012 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

reporting bugs

Report dir bugs to bug-coreutils[:at:]gnu[:dot:]org
GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>
Report dir translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>


see also

The full documentation for dir is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and dir programs are properly installed at your site, the command

info coreutils 'dir invocation'

should give you access to the complete manual.


author

Written by Richard M. Stallman and David MacKenzie.

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