Linux Commands Examples

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install files into package build directories


dh_install [-Xitem] [--autodest] [--sourcedir=dir] [debhelper options] [file|dir ... destdir]

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dh_install cb-dropbox-pipemenu /usr/bin
dh_install cb-help-pipemenu /usr/bin
dh_install cb-libreoffice-pipemenu /usr/bin
dh_install cb-libreoffice-pipemenu /usr/bin
dh_install cb-printing-pipemenu /usr/bin
dh_install cb-remote-desktop-pipemenu /usr/bin
dh_installdirs ${BINDIR} $(OPTBINDIR) $(QMLDIR)
dh_install ${BUILDDIR}evilalarm-ui ${OPTBINDIR}
dh_install ${OPTBINDIR}
dh_install ${OPTBINDIR}
dh_install evilalarm ${BINDIR}
dh_install evilalarm.desktop $(DESKTOP_DIR)
dh_install icons/26x26/evilalarm.png $(ICONDIR)26x26/apps
dh_install httpd/cgi-bin/check ${CGIBIN_DIR}
dh_install httpd/cgi-bin/check ${CGIBIN_DIR}
dh_install httpd/cgi-bin/ ${CGIBIN_DIR}
dh_install httpd/conf/* ${CONFIG_DIR}


dh_install is a debhelper program that handles installing files into package build directories. There are many dh_install* commands that handle installing specific types of files such as documentation, examples, man pages, and so on, and they should be used when possible as they often have extra intelligence for those particular tasks. dh_install, then, is useful for installing everything else, for which no particular intelligence is needed. It is a replacement for the old dh_movefiles command.

This program may be used in one of two ways. If you just have a file or two that the upstream Makefile does not install for you, you can run dh_install on them to move them into place. On the other hand, maybe you have a large package that builds multiple binary packages. You can use the upstream Makefile to install it all into debian/tmp, and then use dh_install to copy directories and files from there into the proper package build directories.

From debhelper compatibility level 7 on, dh_install will fall back to looking in debian/tmp for files, if it doesn’t find them in the current directory (or whereever you’ve told it to look using --sourcedir).



This option makes dh_install keep track of the files it installs, and then at the end, compare that list with the files in the source directory. If any of the files (and symlinks) in the source directory were not installed to somewhere, it will warn on stderr about that.

This may be useful if you have a large package and want to make sure that you don’t miss installing newly added files in new upstream releases.

Note that files that are excluded from being moved via the -X option are not warned about.


This option is like --list-missing, except if a file was missed, it will not only list the missing files, but also fail with a nonzero exit code.

-Xitem, --exclude=item

Exclude files that contain item anywhere in their filename from being installed.


Look in the specified directory for files to be installed.

Note that this is not the same as the --sourcedirectory option used by the dh_auto_* commands. You rarely need to use this option, since dh_install automatically looks for files in debian/tmp in debhelper compatibility level 7 and above.


Guess as the destination directory to install things to. If this is specified, you should not list destination directories in debian/package.install files or on the command line. Instead, dh_install will guess as follows:

Strip off debian/tmp (or the sourcedir if one is given) from the front of the filename, if it is present, and install into the dirname of the filename. So if the filename is debian/tmp/usr/bin, then that directory will be copied to debian/package/usr/. If the filename is debian/tmp/etc/passwd, it will be copied to debian/package/etc/.

file|dir ... destdir

Lists files (or directories) to install and where to install them to. The files will be installed into the first package dh_install acts on.



List the files to install into each package and the directory they should be installed to. The format is a set of lines, where each line lists a file or files to install, and at the end of the line tells the directory it should be installed in. The name of the files (or directories) to install should be given relative to the current directory, while the installation directory is given relative to the package build directory. You may use wildcards in the names of the files to install (in v3 mode and above).

Note that if you list exactly one filename or wildcard-pattern on a line by itself, with no explicit destination, then dh_install will automatically guess the destination to use, the same as if the --autodest option were used.


dh_install cannot rename files or directories, it can only install them with the names they already have into wherever you want in the package build tree.

see also


This program is a part of debhelper.


Joey Hess <joeyh[:at:]debian[:dot:]org>

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