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ab

Apache HTTP server benchmarking tool

Synopsis

ab [ -A auth-username:password ] [ -b windowsize ] [ -c concurrency ] [ -C cookie-name=value ] [ -d ] [ -e csv-file ] [ -f protocol ] [ -g gnuplot-file ] [ -h ] [ -H custom-header ] [ -i ] [ -k ] [ -n requests ] [ -p POST-file ] [ -P proxy-auth-username:password ] [ -q ] [ -r ] [ -s ] [ -S ] [ -t timelimit ] [ -T content-type ] [ -u PUT-file ] [ -v verbosity] [ -V ] [ -w ] [ -x <table>-attributes ] [ -X proxy[:port] ] [ -y <tr>-attributes ] [ -z <td>-attributes ] [ -Z ciphersuite ] [http[s]://]hostname[:port]/path


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examples

2
ab -n100 -c10 http://google.com/



##What does it do ?

will make 100 requests to google with 10 of concurrency



##Output:

This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 655654 $>

Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/

Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/



Benchmarking google.com (be patient).....done





Server Software:        gws

Server Hostname:        google.com

Server Port:            80



Document Path:          /

Document Length:        219 bytes



Concurrency Level:      10

Time taken for tests:   1.792 seconds

Complete requests:      100

Failed requests:        0

Write errors:           0

Non-2xx responses:      100

Total transferred:      56900 bytes

HTML transferred:       21900 bytes

Requests per second:    55.81 [#/sec] (mean)

Time per request:       179.172 [ms] (mean)

Time per request:       17.917 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)

Transfer rate:          31.01 [Kbytes/sec] received



Connection Times (ms)

              min  mean[+/-sd] median   max

Connect:       15   18   1.4     18      20

Processing:   136  152  18.5    152     312

Waiting:      136  152  18.5    152     312

Total:        151  169  18.6    169     330



Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)

  50%    169

  66%    173

  75%    175

  80%    177

  90%    179

  95%    185

  98%    199

  99%    330

 100%    330 (longest request)
example added by Leandro Ferreira

options

-A auth-username:password

Supply BASIC Authentication credentials to the server. The username and password are separated by a single : and sent on the wire base64 encoded. The string is sent regardless of whether the server needs it (i.e., has sent an 401 authentication needed).

-b windowsize

Size of TCP send/receive buffer, in bytes.

-c concurrency

Number of multiple requests to perform at a time. Default is one request at a time.

-C cookie-name=value

Add a Cookie: line to the request. The argument is typically in the form of a name=value pair. This field is repeatable.

-d

Do not display the "percentage served within XX [ms] table". (legacy support).

-e csv-file

Write a Comma separated value (CSV) file which contains for each percentage (from 1% to 100%) the time (in milliseconds) it took to serve that percentage of the requests. This is usually more useful than the ’gnuplot’ file; as the results are already ’binned’.

-f protocol

Specify SSL/TLS protocol (SSL2, SSL3, TLS1, or ALL).

-g gnuplot-file

Write all measured values out as a ’gnuplot’ or TSV (Tab separate values) file. This file can easily be imported into packages like Gnuplot, IDL, Mathematica, Igor or even Excel. The labels are on the first line of the file.

-h

Display usage information.

-H custom-header

Append extra headers to the request. The argument is typically in the form of a valid header line, containing a colon-separated field-value pair (i.e., "Accept-Encoding: zip/zop;8bit").

-i

Do HEAD requests instead of GET.

-k

Enable the HTTP KeepAlive feature, i.e., perform multiple requests within one HTTP session. Default is no KeepAlive.

-n requests

Number of requests to perform for the benchmarking session. The default is to just perform a single request which usually leads to non-representative benchmarking results.

-p POST-file

File containing data to POST. Remember to also set -T.

-P proxy-auth-username:password

Supply BASIC Authentication credentials to a proxy en-route. The username and password are separated by a single : and sent on the wire base64 encoded. The string is sent regardless of whether the proxy needs it (i.e., has sent an 407 proxy authentication needed).

-q

When processing more than 150 requests, ab outputs a progress count on stderr every 10% or 100 requests or so. The -q flag will suppress these messages.

-r

Don’t exit on socket receive errors.

-s

When compiled in (ab -h will show you) use the SSL protected https rather than the http protocol. This feature is experimental and very rudimentary. You probably do not want to use it.

-S

Do not display the median and standard deviation values, nor display the warning/error messages when the average and median are more than one or two times the standard deviation apart. And default to the min/avg/max values. (legacy support).

-t timelimit

Maximum number of seconds to spend for benchmarking. This implies a -n 50000 internally. Use this to benchmark the server within a fixed total amount of time. Per default there is no timelimit.

-T content-type

Content-type header to use for POST/PUT data, eg. application/x-www-form-urlencoded. Default: text/plain.

-u PUT-file

File containing data to PUT. Remember to also set -T.

-v verbosity

Set verbosity level - 4 and above prints information on headers, 3 and above prints response codes (404, 200, etc.), 2 and above prints warnings and info.

-V

Display version number and exit.

-w

Print out results in HTML tables. Default table is two columns wide, with a white background.

-x <table>-attributes

String to use as attributes for <table>. Attributes are inserted <table here >.

-X proxy[:port]

Use a proxy server for the requests.

-y <tr>-attributes

String to use as attributes for <tr>.

-z <td>-attributes

String to use as attributes for <td>.

-Z ciphersuite

Specify SSL/TLS cipher suite (See openssl ciphers).

summary

ab is a tool for benchmarking your Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server. It is designed to give you an impression of how your current Apache installation performs. This especially shows you how many requests per second your Apache installation is capable of serving.


bugs

There are various statically declared buffers of fixed length. Combined with the lazy parsing of the command line arguments, the response headers from the server and other external inputs, this might bite you.

It does not implement HTTP/1.x fully; only accepts some ’expected’ forms of responses. The rather heavy use of strstr(3) shows up top in profile, which might indicate a performance problem; i.e., you would measure the ab performance rather than the server’s.

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