Linux Commands Examples

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create a composite image by combining several separate images. The images are tiled on the composite image optionally adorned with a border, frame, image name, and more.


montage input-file[s] [options] output-file

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Image Settings:
-adjoin join images into a single multi-image file
-affine matrix affine transform matrix
-authenticate value decrypt image with this password
-blue-primary point chromaticity blue primary point
-bordercolor color border color
-channel type apply option to select image channels
-colors value preferred number of colors in the image
-colorspace type alternate image colorsapce
-comment string annotate image with comment
-compose operator composite operator
-compress type type of pixel compression when writing the image
-define format:option
define one or more image format options
-density geometry horizontal and vertical density of the image
-depth value image depth
-display server query font from this X server
-dispose method layer disposal method
-dither method apply error diffusion to image
-draw string annotate the image with a graphic primitive
-encoding type text encoding type
-endian type endianness (MSB or LSB) of the image
-extract geometry extract area from image
-fill color color to use when filling a graphic primitive
-filter type use this filter when resizing an image
-font name render text with this font
-format "string" output formatted image characteristics
-gamma value level of gamma correction
-geometry geometry preferred tile and border sizes
-gravity direction which direction to gravitate towards
-green-primary point chromaticity green primary point
-identify identify the format and characteristics of the image
-interlace type type of image interlacing scheme
-interpolate method pixel color interpolation method
-kerning value set the space between two letters
-label string assign a label to an image
-limit type value pixel cache resource limit
-matte store matte channel if the image has one
-mattecolor color frame color
-mode type framing style
-monitor monitor progress
-page geometry size and location of an image canvas (setting)
-pointsize value font point size
-profile filename add, delete, or apply an image profile
-quality value JPEG/MIFF/PNG compression level
-quantize colorspace reduce colors in this colorspace
-quiet suppress all warning messages
-red-primary point chromaticity red primary point
-regard-warnings pay attention to warning messages
-sampling-factor geometry
horizontal and vertical sampling factor
-scenes range image scene range
-seed value seed a new sequence of pseudo-random numbers
-set attribute value set an image attribute
-shadow add a shadow beneath a tile to simulate depth
-size geometry width and height of image
-stroke color color to use when stroking a graphic primitive
-support factor resize support: > 1.0 is blurry, < 1.0 is sharp
-synchronize synchronize image to storage device
-texture filename name of texture to tile onto the image background
-thumbnail geometry create a thumbnail of the image
-tile geometry number of tiles per row and column
-title string decorate the montage image with a title
-transparent-color color
transparent color
-treedepth value color tree depth
-trim trim image edges
-units type the units of image resolution
-verbose print detailed information about the image
-virtual-pixel method
virtual pixel access method
-white-point point chromaticity white point

Image Operators:
-adaptive-sharpen geometry
adaptively sharpen pixels; increase effect near edges
-annotate geometry text
annotate the image with text
-blur geometry reduce image noise and reduce detail levels
-border geometry surround image with a border of color
-crop geometry preferred size and location of the cropped image
-flatten flatten a sequence of images
-flip flip image in the vertical direction
-flop flop image in the horizontal direction
-frame geometry surround image with an ornamental border
-monochrome transform image to black and white
-polaroid angle simulate a Polaroid picture
-repage geometry size and location of an image canvas (operator)
-resize geometry resize the image
-rotate degrees apply Paeth rotation to the image
-strip strip image of all profiles and comments
-transform affine transform image
-transparent color make this color transparent within the image
-type type image type
-unsharp geometry sharpen the image

Image Sequence Operators:
-coalesce merge a sequence of images

Image Stack Operators:
-clone indexes clone an image
-delete indexes delete the image from the image sequence
-duplicate count,indexes
duplicate an image one or more times
-insert index insert last image into the image sequence
-swap indexes swap two images in the image sequence

Miscellaneous Options:
-debug events display copious debugging information
-help print program options
-log format format of debugging information
-list type print a list of supported option arguments
-version print version information

In addition to those listed above, you can specify these standard X resources as command line options: -background, -bordercolor, -borderwidth, -font, -mattecolor, or -title.

By default, the image format of ’file’ is determined by its magic number. To specify a particular image format, precede the filename with an image format name and a colon (i.e. ps:image) or specify the image type as the filename suffix (i.e. Specify ’file’ as ’-’ for standard input or output.


Copyright (C) 1999-2012 ImageMagick Studio LLC. Additional copyrights and licenses apply to this software, see file:///usr/share/doc/imagemagick/www/license.html or


The montage program is a member of the ImageMagick(1) suite of tools. Use it to create a composite image by combining several separate images. The images are tiled on the composite image optionally adorned with a border, frame, image name, and more.

For more information about the montage command, point your browser to file:///usr/share/doc/imagemagick/www/montage.html or

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